Jeremiah, book of


Jeremiah, book of
The second of the three great prophetical books following Isaiah and preceding Ezekiel. Many of Jeremiah's prophecies were preserved by his secretary Baruch (Jer. 36), but scholarly attempts to determine which parts of the book were written on that scroll have not been generally agreed. Substantial editorial work was done on all parts of the book. The influence of the Deuteronomist circle has left its stamp on the theology: it was the aim of this school to update the words of Jeremiah in such a way that they addressed the situation of a later generation. This is clearly the case with Jeremiah's famous Temple sermon (ch. 7) and the following units, which contain Deuteronomist words and phrases. Authentic words of the prophet have been edited, and it is likely that the material took its final shape among the exiles in Babylon. These are the people addressed in Jer. 29. Moreover, there can be discerned in the book traces of the contempt felt by the exiles for those Judaeans who remained in their native land. The emphasis on the Law, which took the place of the Temple as the focus of devotion, and the development of the Jews in exile as the People of the Book, were significant features in Babylon which led to an antagonism against those not deported. This feeling was intensified after the Return (Ezra 4:1–5) but claims for the moral superiority of the exiles (‘the remnant’) are made in Isa. 46:3, contrasted with the desolate land of Judah (Isa. 43:28), and especially in Ezek. 33:23–9. In Jer. 29–33 words of the prophet Jeremiah himself are adapted to suit the community in exile who are the true remnant of Israel. After the account of the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BCE (Jer. 37–9) comes the indication that the future of the covenant people lies with those in Babylon, whereas those left in Judah are strongly condemned. It is therefore argued that this material in the book of Jer. reached its shape in the Babylonian Exile and was intended to support and encourage the Jews who were there. For them the book, as it proceeds through a complex construction of poetry and prose, with sermons and oracles against foreign nations (46:51), provides an historical explanation of their past and a hope for their future. The people left in Judah after 586 BCE are dismissed by Jer. 40:7–44 as offering no hope for the nation's future. That is to be found in the Babylonian exile (2 Kgs. 27–30).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jeremiah, Book of —    Consists of twenty three separate and independent sections, arranged in five books. I. The introduction, ch. 1. II. Reproofs of the sins of the Jews, consisting of seven sections,    1) ch. 2;    2) ch. 3 6;    3) ch. 7 10;    4) ch. 11 13;… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • JEREMIAH — (Heb. והּ ָירִי ְמ) second of the major prophets whose book is the second in the Latter Prophets section of the Bible. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: in the bible the life and message of jeremiah beginnings of prophecy …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Book of Jeremiah — The Book of Jeremiah, or Jeremiah (יִרְמְיָהוּ Yirməyāhū in Hebrew), is part of the Hebrew Bible, Judaism s Tanakh, and later became a part of Christianity s Old Testament. It was originally written in a complex and poetic Hebrew (apart from… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeremiah — (Hebrew Name|יִרְמְיָהוּ| Yirməyāhū frequently misspelled as Yirmiyahu Jehovah will raise |) IPA2| jir.mɛ ja.hu ; Septuagint Greek: Ἰερεμίας) was one of the greater prophets of the Hebrew Bible. He was the son of Hilkiah, a priest of Anathoth.His …   Wikipedia

  • Jeremiah Wright — White House Prayer Breakfast, 1998 Born Jeremiah Alvesta Wright, Jr. September 22, 1941 (1941 09 22) (age 70) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Jeremia …   Wikipedia

  • Book of Daniel —     Book of Daniel     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Book of Daniel     In the Hebrew Bible, and in most recent Protestant (Protestantism) versions, the Book of Daniel is limited to its proto canonical portions. In the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jeremiah Tower — is a celebrity chef who, along with Alice Waters, is generally credited with inventing California cuisine.Infobox Chef name = Jeremiah Tower caption = birthdate = birthplace = Stamford, CT deathdate = deathplace = style = California Cuisine… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeremiah (comics) — Jeremiah is a Belgian comic book series by Hermann Huppen. It was created in 1979 for the German magazine Zack and also appeared in Métal Hurlant and Spirou . 27 albums have appeared in French until now.PlotIt tells a post apocalyptic story:… …   Wikipedia

  • Book burning — (a category of biblioclasm, or book destruction) is the practice of destroying, often ceremoniously, one or more copies of a book or other written material. In modern times, other forms of media, such as phonograph records, video tapes, and CDs… …   Wikipedia

  • Book of Micheas —     Micheas, Book of     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Book of Micheas     Micheas (Hebr. Mikhah; Jeremiah 26:18: Mikhayah keth.), the author of the book which holds the sixth place in the collection of the Twelve Minor Prophets, was born at… …   Catholic encyclopedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.